Stéphane Braunschweig studied philosophy at the École Normale Supérieure, then entered the theatrical academy of the Théâtre National de Chaillot and founded in 1988 his company, Le Théâtre-Machine.
From 1993 until 1998, Stéphane Braunschweig directs the Centre Dramatique National/Orléans-Loiret-Centre.
Stéphane Braunschweig directs the Théâtre National de Strasbourg (and its academy) during eight years (2000-2008). He introduces new academic formations (directing and staging; dramaturgy) while upholding the status of the TNS as a crossroads of European theatre.
As director of the Théâtre National de la Colline (Paris, 2010-2015), Stéphane Braunschweig invites several resident artists (Stanislas Nordey, Célie Pauthe, Caroline Guiela Nguyen), while staging himself Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author (which he translates, adapts and creates at the Festival d'Avignon), or more recently, the Italian playwright's Mountain Giants, as well as several plays by Arne Lygre (a contemporary Norwegian author), or Ibsen's Wild Duck (this last production, which has been invited in Norway by the Ibsen Festival, has run for two consecutives seasons at La Colline). At the opera, he stages Pelléas et Mélisande, by Debussy, for the Opéra-Comique; Idomeneo and Don Giovanni, by Mozart, or Norma, by Bellini, for the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées.
In January, 2016, President François Hollande has appointed Stéphane Braunschweig director of the Odéon-Théâtre de l'Europe.
Stéphane Braunschweig (who has signed over sixty theatrical or operatic productions and stage designs) is also an author and a translator. He has translated from the original German, Italian or Norwegian plays by Büchner, Kleist, Brecht, Pirandello and Lygre.